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Kidney Stone Removal Treatment in Gurgaon

A kidney stone signifies a complex item that is formed from urine chemicals. Various wastes are dissolved in urine. Crystals arise when there is too much waste in too little liquid. The crystals attract other elements and combine to form a solid that will grow in size unless excreted in the urine. Having enough liquid washes them out in most people or other compounds in urine prevent a stone from developing. 

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Risks of getting stones

What are my risks of getting stones?

A kidney stone can affect everyone, but some people are more susceptible than others. Men are more likely than women to have kidney stones. Non-Hispanic white people are also more likely than those of other ethnicities to have kidney stones. If you've had kidney stones in the past, you're more likely to get them again.

  • You or a family member has suffered kidney stones.
  • You're not getting enough water.
  • You eat a high-protein, high-sodium, and high-sugar diet.
  • You are obese or overweight.
  • You've had a gastric bypass or another type of intestinal surgery.
  • You have polycystic kidney disease or cystic kidney disease of another type.
  • You have a problem in your bowel or joints that causes swelling or inflammation.
  • You use certain medications, such as diuretics or calcium-based antacids.
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How kidney stones formed?

More than half a million patients visit emergency departments each year with kidney stone problems. A kidney stone affects one out of every ten people at some point in their lives.

Kidney stone prevalence grew from 3.8 percent in the late 1970s to 8.8 percent in the late 2000s in the United States. In the years 2013–2014, 10% of people had kidney stones. Men have an 11 percent chance of developing kidney stones, while women have a 9 percent chance. Other disorders that raise the incidence of kidney stones include high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

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Symptoms

If you have a tiny kidney stone that passes through your urinary tract effortlessly, you may not have any symptoms and never realize you have one.

You may have any of the following symptoms if you have a bigger kidney stone:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain while peeing
  • Blood in your urine
  • Sharp pain in your back or lower abdomen

If you're experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor.

What investigations are needed?

A medical history, physical examination, and imaging studies are used to diagnose kidney stones. The size and shape of the kidney stones will be necessary to your doctors. This can be done with a high-resolution CT scan from the kidneys to the bladder, or a "KUB x-ray" (kidney-ureter-bladder x-ray), which shows the size and location of the stone. Surgeons frequently use the KUB x-ray to see if the stone is acceptable for shock wave treatment.

The KUB test can be used to monitor your stone before and after therapy, but for diagnosis, a CT scan is usually preferred. Doctors may also prescribe an intravenous pyelogram, or IVP, a sort of X-ray of the urinary system taken after a dye is injected.

Second, your doctors will choose the best course of action for your stone. Blood and urine tests will be used to assess the health of your kidneys. The size and placement of your stone, as well as your overall health, will be taken into account.

Your doctor will want to figure out what caused the stone later. Your doctor will test your blood for calcium, phosphorus, and uric acid after the stone has been removed from your body. Your doctor may also request that you collect your urine for 24 hours so that calcium and uric acid levels.

When to see a urologist?

In general, if you have any of the following symptoms, you should get medical help: Severe discomfort that prevents you from sitting still or getting comfortable—pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Fever and chills accompany the pain.

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Treatment options

What are the treatment options?

When kidney stones do not pass on their own, surgical and medicinal therapy options are available. Medical assistance is provided to help with the passing of some stones as well as ongoing stone management. Alpha-blockers, a type of drug that relaxes the muscles in the ureter, can be prescribed to aid clear some kidney stones. Other treatments include oral alkalinization, which is used to raise urine pH in the case of uric stones, and hypercalciuria, which is used in the case of calcium stones.

Because kidney stones can reoccur up to 50% of the time after therapy, imaging modalities must be used to ensure clinical effectiveness or to lead future changes to the treatment plan.

Surgical options include the following

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is a non-invasive method of lithotripsy (ESWL). The kidney stone is crushed into smaller bits using sound waves, allowing it to move more readily into the bladder.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a type of nephrolithotomy that is performed through (PCNL). PCNL removes or breaks up bigger kidney stones by inserting a small hole and a tube into the patient's back.

Ureteroscopy is a procedure that examines the inside of the (URS). URS includes inserting a fibreoptic camera up into the ureter and kidney without making any incisions, allowing physicians to remove or break up tiny stones using delicate devices.

Pyelolithotomy: This technique includes removing a stone from the renal pelvis or the ureter, and it can be performed open or laparoscopically.

The problem of kidney stones is very prevalent, as every fourth person suffers from the issue. It is time to get this problem resolved, it is advisable to get in touch with an expert such as Dr. Nitin Srivastava who can help you with the same.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is kidney stone pain?

Sharp, spasm pain in the back and arms is a common symptom of kidney stones. This sensation usually spreads to the lower abdomen or waist. The pain usually comes on suddenly and in waves. As the body works to get rid of the stone, it may come and go.

What are the main causes of kidney stones?

Kidney stones grow when your urine includes more crystal-forming substances that dilute the fluid in your urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. At the same time, your urine may be deficient in chemicals that prevent crystals from adhering to one another, producing an ideal environment for kidney stones to form. Consult Neelkanth Hospital in Gurgaon if you need kidney stone treatment.